Some of the most common woodworking and metalworking tools used for marking and measuring wood include:

1. Marking Gauge: A marking gauge is a tool used to mark lines parallel to the edge of a board. It consists of a metal bar with a sharp point at one end and a stock with a thumbscrew at the other. The stock is adjusted to the desired width and the point is used to scribe a line along the edge of the board.

2. Try Square: A try square is a tool used to mark and measure right angles. It consists of a stock with a blade at one end and a handle at the other. The blade is adjusted to the desired angle and then used to scribe a line along the edge of the board.

3. Combination Square: A combination square is a tool used to measure and mark angles, depths, and distances. It consists of a stock with a blade at one end and a handle at the other. The blade is adjustable and can be used to measure and mark angles, depths, and distances.

4. Sliding Bevel: A sliding bevel is a tool used to measure and mark angles. It consists of a metal bar with a blade at one end and a handle at the other. The blade is adjustable and can be used to measure and mark angles.

5. Chalk Line: A chalk line is a tool used to mark a straight line on a board. It consists of a spool of string with a handle at one end and a chalk-filled reservoir at the other. The string is stretched tight and the chalk is used to mark a straight line on the board.

Marking gauge

Type of measuring tool for woodworking and metalworking

Stanley and Veritas marking gauges

Graminho Marking gauger.jpg

A marking gauge, also known as a scratch gauge, is used in woodworking and metalworking to mark out lines for cutting or other operations. The purpose of the gauge is to scribe a line parallel to a reference edge or surface. It is used in joinery and sheetmetal operations.

The gauge consists of a beam, a headstock, and a scribing or marking implement, typically a pin, knife, pen or wheel. The headstock slides along the beam, and is locked in place by various means: a locking screw, cam lever, or a wedge. The marking implement is fixed to one end of the beam.

Types

The marking implement is chosen depending upon the operation to be performed. Some marking gauges have the capability to allow a number of implements to be fitted, others do not; and a woodworker will often have a number of different types. A steel pin is used when scribing with the grain. A steel knife is used when scribing across the grain. The pen or pencil is used when the woodworker does not wish the surface to be marred. Generally speaking, the pin and knife yield more accurate marking than do the pen or pencil. It is also used to mark parallel lines to the face side and edge side.

Variations

The style of gauge which uses a knife instead of a pin is often described as a cutting gauge. This tool is sometimes used to slightly “mark” the wood before a cut to prevent tearout later when doing the main cut with for example a circular saw.

Other variations include a panel gauge which has a longer beam and larger headstock for scribing lines that are further from the reference edge. A mortise gauge has two pins that can be adjusted relative to each other at the end of the beam. This gauge is used to scribe two lines simultaneously and is most commonly used to lay out mortise and tenon joinery.

  • Setting a marking gauge to 15mm

    Setting a marking gauge to 15mm

  • Illustration showing a marking gauge in use

    Illustration showing a marking gauge in use

  • A mortise gauge

    A mortise gauge

  • A mortise gauge being used

    A mortise gauge being used

  • Illustration of a marking gauge in use

    Illustration of a marking gauge in use

  • A panel gauge, used for marking wide boards and sheet materials.

    A panel gauge, used for marking wide boards and sheet materials.

References

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Source: Marking gauge
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