Sir Francis Drake sailed the Golden Hind in the late 16th century. He was sent out by Queen Elizabeth I of England to explore the world and seek out trade and settlement opportunities. Drake was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe and he brought back many riches to England. He also established trade relations with many foreign countries and opened up new areas of settlement.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Hind#Who Sailed The Golden Hind Seeking Trade And Settlement Opportunities

Galleon of 1577, flagship of Francis Drake’s circumnavigation
“Golden Hinde” redirects here. For the Canadian mountain, see Golden Hinde (mountain). For other uses, see Golden Hind (disambiguation).

Francis-drake-galleon-southwark-london-uk.jpg

Golden Hindea seaworthy reconstruction of the original ship
History
England
Name Pelican
released 1577
Sponsored by Queen Elizabeth I of England
Renamed Golden Hind(e) (1578)
Destiny Disintegrated and divided in late 1600s; there are two replicas
General features
Type Galleon
Tonnage 100-150 tons
Displacement 300 tons
Length 102 feet (31 m) on deck
beam 20 feet (6.1 m)
Draft 9 feet (2.7 m)
Propulsion Sailing; Wind
Speed 8 knots (15 km/h)
Complement 80–85
Armament 22 guns
armor None
Grades Navigation area: 386 m²

Golden Hind was a galleon captained by Francis Drake at the your circumnavigation of the world between 1577 and 1580. She was originally known as Pelican, but Drake renamed his voyage in mid-1578, in honor of his patron, Sir Christopher Hattonfrom who Christian was a golden doe (a female red deer). Hatton was one of the main sponsors of Drake’s world tour. AN Full-size, seaworthy reconstruction is located in London, on the south bank of the Thames.

History

Queen Elizabeth I partially sponsored Sir Francis Drake as leader of an expedition designed to circulate South America across Strait of Magellan and explore the coast beyond. The queen’s support was advantageous; Drake had official approval to benefit himself and the queen, as well as doing maximum damage to the Spanish. This ended up culminating in anglo-spanish war. Before setting sail, Drake met the queen face to face for the first time and she said to him, “We would be delighted to take revenge on the King of Spain for the sundry injuries we have received.”

The explicit goal was to “discover meeting places to get traffic”. Drake, however, acted like a privateer, with unofficial support from Elizabeth. The drawing of Golden Hind was based on Spanish built no victorythe first ship to circumnavigate the world, and is described as a “warship of the mid-16th century during the transition from ship for the galleon“, and weighed about 120 tons. He first named his flagship Pelicanbut renamed it Golden Hind on 20 August 1578 to honor his patron, Sir Christopher Hatton, whose family crest was a golden doe. He sailed in December 1577 with five small ships with a complement of 164 and reached the Brazilian coast in early 1578.

On March 1, 1579, now in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Ecuador, Golden Hind challenged and captured the Spanish galleon Our Lady of Conception. This galleon had the largest treasure captured to date: over 360,000 pesos (equivalent to around £480 million in 2017). The hoard took six days to tranship and included 26 tons of silver, half a ton of gold, china, jewels, coins and jewelry.

On September 26, 1580, Francis Drake sailed his ship into Plymouth Harbor with 56 of the original crew of 80 remaining on board. The ship was unloaded in Trematon Castle nearby, overseen by the Queen’s guards. The final treasure also included six tons of cloves. Spice Islands, at the time worth its weight in gold. Elizabeth herself embarked Golden Hindwho was then permanently in deptford on the south bank of the Thames, where she had requested that it be placed on permanent display as the first ‘museum ship’. There, she cunningly asked the French ambassador to grant Drake a knighthood. More than half of the proceeds went to the crown – his share of the treasury amounted to at least £160,000: “enough to pay off the entire government debt and still have £40,000 left over to invest in a new commercial enterprise for the raise. Her and other investors’ returns were over £47 for every £1 invested, or 4,700%.”

After Drake’s circumnavigation, Golden Hind it was held for public display at the dockyard in Deptford, London. The ship remained there from 1580 to about 1650, 45 years after Elizabeth’s death, before the ship finally rotted away and broke apart. In 1668, the keeper of the stores at Deptford, John Davies of Camberwell, had the finest wood remaining from Golden Hind done on a chair now called Drake chair that was presented to Bodleian Library at the oxford universitywhere it remains (with a replica in the Main Hall, buckland abbeyDevon, Drake’s home and now maintained by the national trust).

A table, known as a cupboard, in the middle temple Hall, London is also reputed to have been made from Cordillera Dorado. On top of the cupboard is placed the list of Middle Temple members, which new members sign when summoned to the Bar. The ship’s lantern hung in the vestibule of the Middle Temple Hall, but was destroyed during World War II.[citation needed]

replicas

Replica in London

a replica of Golden Hind was part of the playground from 1924 British Empire Exhibitionon the recommendation of Agatha Christie.

Replica in Essex

a replica of Golden Hind was built in Peter Pan’s Playground (now Adventure Island adventure park), southend-on-sea, Essex. It was built from 1947 and opened in 1949 along with a wax statue. By 1992, attendance had dropped and, combined with rising maintenance costs and the need for major renovations to the wooden structure, caused her to close in 1997. The ship was replaced by a replica of the Barba Negra Queen Anne’s Revengewhich was demolished in 2013.

Replicas in Devon

The first replica in Brixham1968

The second replica in Brixham

a replica of Golden Hind has been permanently berthed in the sea port of Brixham in Devon (50°23’48″ N 3°30′46″W / 50.39667°N 3.51278°W / 50.39667; -3.51278) since 1963 after its use in the TV series Sir Francis Drake, which was filmed in and around Torbay and Dartmouth Bays. The replica of the ship used in the TV series cost the film studio £25,000 to build and had no aft gallery or gun deck and was a converted fishing boat. The ship sank while being towed in 1987 to Dartmouth for restoration in rough seas and could not be saved. A second full-size replica was completed in 1988 and sits in the harbor and is visited by thousands of visitors annually. The current vessel is based on a steel barge and could never sail.

london replica – Golden Hinde

Main article: Golden Hinde (1973)

Golden Hindean full size reconstruction of the ship, was built by traditional methods in Appledore, Devonand released in 1973. Golden Hinde was the result of three years of research and construction. Since then, she has traveled over 140,000 miles (225,000 km). She departed Plymouth on her maiden voyage in late 1974, arriving on 8 May 1975 in San Francisco. In 1979, she went to Japan to make the miniseries shogun, after which she returned to the UK after completing a circumnavigation. Between 1981 and 1984, it docked in England and established itself as an educational museum. In 1984-85 she sailed around the british islands and then crossed the Atlantic to Saint Thomas at the caribbean. In 1986, he passed through the Panama Canal navigate to vancouver, where it headlined Marine Plaza at Expo86. In 1987, she began a tour of US coastal cities, spending two years on the Pacific coast. In late 1988, she returned via the Panama Canal to continue visits to ports in the Gulf and East Coast of the United States. In 1992, she returned home to the UK and spent the next four years visiting ports in Europe. Since 1996 she has been berthed at St Mary Overie Dock in Bank, Southwark, Londonwhere it is open to the public and features a range of educational programs.

See too

References

External Links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Golden Hind (ship, 1577).


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