The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) is a comprehensive federal law that combats human trafficking and provides a wide range of services and protections for victims of trafficking. The TVPA was first passed by Congress in 2000 and since then has been reauthorized multiple times, most recently in 2017.
The TVPA is divided into three parts: prevention, protection, and prosecution. The prevention section focuses on preventing trafficking by providing technical assistance and funding to foreign countries to help them combat trafficking and to educate the public about the dangers of human trafficking. The protection section provides services and assistance for victims of trafficking, including temporary and permanent residency for victims and access to health care and other social services. Finally, the prosecution section enhances the ability of the federal government to investigate and prosecute traffickers.
The TVPA also established the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, which is responsible for coordinating the federal government’s efforts to combat trafficking. The office is also responsible for producing an annual report that evaluates the efforts of foreign governments to combat trafficking and provides recommendations for improvement.
The TVPA has been reauthorized multiple times since its initial passage in 2000. The most recent reauthorization, which was signed into law in 2017, included several important changes to the law. These changes included increased protections for victims of trafficking, increased funding for anti-trafficking efforts, and increased penalties for traffickers. The reauthorization also included provisions to help victims of trafficking obtain legal status and to provide them with access to services.
Overall, the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 has been an effective tool in combating human trafficking and providing assistance to victims. The reauthorization of the law in 2017 has provided additional protections and resources for victims of trafficking and has helped to strengthen the federal government’s efforts to combat human trafficking.
Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000
|Other short titles||William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act|
|long title||An act to combat human trafficking, especially for the sex trade, slavery and involuntary servitude, to reauthorize certain federal programs to prevent violence against women and for other purposes.|
|Nicknames||Law for the Protection of Victims of Trafficking|
|enacted by||The 106th United States Congress|
|Effective||October 28, 2000|
|public law||Pub. I. [https://www.govinfo.gov/link/plaw/106/public/386?link-type=html 106–386 (text) (PDF)]|
|Amended Acts||2003, 2006, 2008|
The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act 2000 (TVPA) is a federal statute enacted into law in 2000 by the United States Congress and signed by President Clinton. The law was later reauthorized by Presidents Bush, Obama and Trump. In addition to its applicability to US citizens, it has the capacity to authorize protections for undocumented immigrants who are victims of serious forms of trafficking and violence.
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act it was subsequently renewed in 2003, 2006, 2008 (when it was renamed the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008). The law lapsed in 2011. In 2013, the entire Protection of Victims of Trafficking was attached as an amendment to the Violence Against Women Law and passed. There are two stipulations that an applicant must meet to receive the benefits of the T-Visa. Firstly, a victim of trafficking must prove/admit to being a victim of a serious form of trafficking, and secondly, they must be part of the proceedings against their trafficker. This law does not apply to immigrants seeking admission to the United States for other immigration purposes.
Public Law No. 115-393 (12/21/2018) reauthorized the TVPA in 2018, as part of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2017.
Since the law requires the applicant to become a party to the proceedings against their trafficker, trafficked persons may fear retaliation against themselves or their family and therefore serve as a major deterrent for individuals, even considering the order. The law contains provisions for the protection of those who are categorized as victims of human trafficking, mainly for sex, smuggling and exploitative forms of forced labor.
The TVPA allowed the establishment of the Department of State Office for Inspection and Combating Trafficking in Personsthat coordinates with foreign governments to protect victims of trafficking, prevent trafficking, and prosecute traffickers.
- Trafficking Victims Justice Act of 2013 (HR 3530; 113th Congress) – this bill established in the Treasury the Fund for Victims of Domestic Trafficking in which such penalties will be deposited and which will be used in FY2015-FY2019 to provide grants or enhance victims’ programming under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005and the Child Abuse Victims Act 1990. The bill also amended the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 to direct the United States Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to determine, based on credible evidence, that a covered individual (ie, a US citizen or permanent resident) has been a victim of a serious form of trafficking. It was scheduled to be voted on in the House on May 20, 2014 under a suspension of the rules.
- Prevention of Human Trafficking Act (HR 4449; 113th Congress) – this bill required training and regular briefings for some federal government officials to raise awareness of human trafficking and help officials detect instances of it.
On September 27, 2016, president Barack Obama made one presidential determination on the efforts of foreign governments in relation to human trafficking Consistent with section 110 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (the “Act”) (22 USC 7107).
On September 30, 2017, president donald trump made a presidential determination under 22 USC § 7107 (Respect for the Efforts of Foreign Governments Regarding Trafficking in Persons).
- Bureau of International Labor Affairs
- Child Soldiers Prevention Act
- Human trafficking in the United States
- Office for Inspection and Combating Trafficking in Persons
- United States Department of State
- Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
- Trafficking Victims Protection Act 2000 (PDF/Details) as amended in GPO Status compilations collection
- INVOLUNTARY SERVITUDE, FORCED LABOR AND SEX TRAFFICKING STATUTES APPLIED at the Department of Justice
- National Geographic, September 2003, p. 23.
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