Chapter I General Provisions

Article 1 The Regulations on the Discipline of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (hereinafter referred to as the Regulations) are formulated in accordance with the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, the Military Service Law of the People’s Republic of China, the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Militia and Reserve Forces, and other relevant laws and regulations.

Article 2 The Regulations are applicable to all members of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and all cadres of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, including active-duty personnel, reserve personnel, and retired personnel.

Article 3 The Chinese People’s Liberation Army shall adhere to the principle of strict discipline. All members of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and all cadres of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army shall abide by the discipline of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, observe the rules and regulations, and perform their duties conscientiously.

Chapter II Responsibilities of Commanders

Article 4 Commanders at all levels shall be responsible for the implementation and enforcement of the discipline of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, and shall take effective measures to ensure the strict enforcement of the discipline.

Article 5 Commanders at all levels shall strengthen the education of the discipline of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, and shall hold regular education and training on the discipline of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army.

Article 6 Commanders at all levels shall strengthen the supervision and inspection of the discipline of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, and shall promptly investigate and deal with violations of the discipline.

Chapter III Rights and Obligations of Personnel

Article 7 All members of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and all cadres of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army shall have the right to criticize and make suggestions on the discipline of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army.

Article 8 All members of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and all cadres of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army shall have the obligation to observe the discipline of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and abide by the rules and regulations.

Article 9 All members of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and all cadres of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army shall have the obligation to defend the dignity of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and maintain the honor of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army.

Chapter IV Punishment

Article 10 Violations of the discipline of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army shall be punished according to law.

Article 11 The punishments for violations of the discipline of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army shall be determined in accordance with the seriousness of the violations.

Article 12 The punishments for violations of the discipline of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army shall be imposed in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Military Service Law of the People’s Republic of China, the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Militia and Reserve Forces, and other relevant laws and regulations.

Article 13 Commanders at all levels shall be responsible for the implementation of the punishments for violations of the discipline of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army.

Chapter V Supplementary Provisions

Article 14 These Regulations shall enter into force on the date of promulgation.

Three Rules of Discipline and Eight Points for Attention

1928 Mao Zedong’s Military Doctrine
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The Three Rules of Discipline and Eight Points of Attention (Chinese: 三大纪律八项注意; pinyin: Sān dà jìlǜ bā xiàng zhùyì) it is a military doctrine which was issued in 1928 by Mao Zedong and its associates for the chinese red armywho then fought against the Kuomintang. Content varies slightly in different versions. One of the greatest distinctions of the doctrine was the respect for civil during wartime. The following version is obtained from Stephen Uhalley in 1975.

Declaration

The three rules salary

  • prompt obedience to orders,
  • no confiscation of people’s property,
  • prompt delivery directly to the authorities of all items confiscated from the enemy.

The eight points we are:

  • be polite when speaking
  • Be honest when buying and selling
  • Return all borrowed items
  • Pay compensation for everything damaged
  • Do not hit or call others names
  • Don’t damage the crops
  • don’t harass women
  • Do not mistreat prisoners

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An alternative and more literal translation into English was presented by People’s Daily.

The three main rules of discipline:

  • Obey orders in all your actions.(一切行动听指挥)
  • Don’t pick up a single needle or piece of thread from the masses.(不拿群众一针一线)
  • Deliver all captured.(一切缴获要归公)

The Eight Points of Attention:

  • Speak politely.(说话和气)
  • Pay fairly for what you buy.(买卖公平)
  • Return anything you borrow.(借东西要还)
  • Pay for anything you damage.(损坏东西要赔偿)
  • Don’t hit or call people names.(不打人骂人)
  • Do not damage the crops.(不损坏庄稼)
  • Don’t take liberties with women.(不调戏妇女)
  • Do not mistreat the captives.(不虐待俘虏)

History

These injunctions were generally accepted and, according to the historian Stephen Uhalleycame to do the chinese red army a badge army at the China and exceptionally popular. The Three Rules and Eight Points attitude stood in stark contrast to the Kuomintang nationalist armies led by Chiang Kai-shekwho fought against the Chinese Red Army in chinese civil war. For example, Nationalist armies tended to stay in civilian homes without permission, tended to be rude and disrespectful to civilians, or sometimes even confiscated material from peasants for supplies. The Chinese Red Army, however, under the Three Points of Discipline and Eight Points of Attention, requested permission to receive supplies and stay in houses, and any confiscation of peasant property was an exception and violators were promptly punished. For example, Red Army soldiers would be shot on the spot if found looting peasant homes.

Many impressed villagers gave supplies and shelter to the Red Army voluntarily, greatly helping their war efforts. Eventually, many villagers and their sons and daughters joined the Red Army, providing the Red Army with enough manpower to fight the Red Army. Japanese and Kuomintang.

It was common after items were confiscated from warlords for the items to be redistributed among the people, in addition to supplying the Chinese Red Army. As a result, peasants tended to spread misinformation to the Kuomintang when they arrived to pursue the Chinese Red Army, while showing hospitality to the Chinese Red Army whenever they reached villages. This invariably resulted in friction of the Kuomintang forces.

This contrasting doctrine compared to the Kuomintang inevitably became one of the main reasons for winning most of the Chinese people’s support and thus the Chinese Red Army’s victory over the Kuomintang in 1949. The people’s support for the Red Army proved to be more important than the raw manpower that the Kuomintang initially enjoyed.

See too

References


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