The NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 (NICSIAA) is a United States federal law that was signed into law on January 8, 2008 by President George W. Bush. It amends the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act of 1993 (Brady Act) to provide more comprehensive background checks for firearm purchasers. The Act requires states to make more records available to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) and provides incentives for states to do so. It also requires federal agencies to make mental health records available to the NICS. The Act was introduced in the House of Representatives by Representative Carolyn McCarthy of New York, and in the Senate by Senator Charles Schumer of New York.
NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007
The NICS Improvement Amendments Act (Pub. I. 110–180 (text) (PDF)) was approved in 2007 following the Virginia Tech shootings in order to close the gaps in the National Instant Criminal Background Check Systemcommonly known as NICS, which allowed Seung Hui Cho to buy firearms despite being considered a danger to himself by a Virginia block.
Under Gun Control Act of 1968, it was illegal for Cho to buy the firearms; however, the Commonwealth of Virginia did not submit its mental health disqualification decision to the NICS, which did not deny the sale.
In February 2017, the Trump administration signed into law a bill that reversed a regulation implemented by the Obama administration, which would have prohibited approximately 75,000 individuals who received Social Security disability benefits and had representative beneficiaries from owning guns. The initial regulation was strongly opposed by the ACLU, the National Mental Health Association, the American Association of Persons with Disabilities and the National Council on Disability, the Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities, as well as other advocates for the rights of persons with disabilities. The initial regulation was supported by the Brady Campaign to Stop Gun Violence, Moms Demand Action Against Gun Violence, Democratic gun control advocates, and some mental health experts.
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